What is alcohol abuse?
Alcohol can be an addictive substance. Not everyone who consumes alcohol will become addicted. However, certain people may be more susceptible to addiction.
It should be noted that alcohol addiction and abuse are not the same. Alcohol addiction refers to a psychological and physical dependency on alcohol. Individuals who suffer from alcohol addiction may build up a tolerance to the substance, as well as continue drinking even when alcohol-related problems become evident.
Alcohol abusers are not necessarily addicted to alcohol. Abusers are typically heavy drinkers who continue drinking regardless of the results. Abusers of alcohol may not drink on a consistent basis. For example, an individual who abuses alcohol may only drink once a week. However, when that individual drinks, they put themself into risky situations or drink enough to cause problems, such as alcohol poisoning. Certain individuals who abuse alcohol may eventually become dependent on it.
Do you have a drinking problem?
Since drinking is so common in many cultures and the effects vary so widely from person to person, it’s not always easy to figure out where the line is between social drinking and problem drinking. You may have a drinking problem if you:
- Feel guilty or ashamed about your drinking.
- Lie to others or hide your drinking habits.
- Have friends or family members who are worried about your drinking.
- Need to drink in order to relax or feel better.
- “Black out” or forget what you did while you were drinking.
- Regularly drink more than you intended to.
The bottom line is how alcohol affects you. If your drinking is causing problems in your life, then you have a drinking problem.
The health dangers of drinking too much alcohol
Drinking too much can put a serious strain on your body. It takes your liver an hour to process one unit of alcohol. So having two or three drinks an hour overloads your system – which means your health could suffer. After a session of heavy drinking take a break for 48 hours to let your body recover.
When you drink too much or too quickly, for a start you’ll experience:
- Being sick
- Falling over
You might hope to sleep it all off but the most common side effect of excessive drinking is a hangover. These vary according to how much you drank and how well your body processes alcohol.
Hangovers can leave you tired and unable to concentrate. This can lower your performance at work and your ability to carry out complicated or physically demanding tasks. It’s also more difficult to control your moods.
Other short-term effects
- Sexual difficulties like impotence
- Slowed breathing and heartbeat
- Loss of consciousness
- Increased risk of accident and injury
Regularly drinking more than the recommended number of units over a long period can lead to complications like:
Certain types of cancer, especially breast cancer
- Memory loss, brain damage or even dementia
- Increased risk of heart disease and stroke
- Liver disease, such as cirrhosis and liver cancer
- Stomach damage
- Potentially fatal alcohol poisoning
Other Iong-term effects
As you get older, the risks increase. Not only is your body less able to process alcohol, but if you fall you are more likely to seriously injure yourself. You may also notice as time passes:
- Smaller genitals
- Lower sperm count
- Loss of body hair
- Irregular periods and lower fertility
- Damage to an unborn child
- Your appearance can suffer:
- Weight gain from alcohol’s high calorie content
- Skin problems
Tips on cutting down
There are some simple steps to follow if you are thinking about cutting down on drinking.
- Decide on your ultimate goal. Do you want to give up alcohol altogether? Or do you want to cut down to a set daily amount? Maybe you want to avoid binge drinking.
- Pick a day in the next week to start cutting down. Go for a day when you are less likely to be under pressure, so it’s easier to avoid alcohol.
- Keep a drink diary. Writing this on a regular basis will help you to work out how much you’re drinking and to calculate your units.
- Work out how you can avoid situations that you know will encourage you to drink – for example, if you’re going out with friends suggest the cinema instead of the pub.
- Pace yourself. Try drinking each drink more slowly or alternating alcoholic drinks with soft or low alcohol ones.
- Find something else to do while you drink, like chatting, playing darts or pool, or dancing. This will take your mind off your drinks and help you to slow down.
- Have alcohol-free days. Get out of the habit of drinking because you are stressed or have nothing else to do. Look for other ways to relax: activities like swimming, yoga or going to the cinema, which will make you feel better and don’t involve alcohol.
- Take stock of your progress and make sure you give yourself credit where it’s due for your achievements so far. This will help you keep going to achieve your targets.
- Don’t give up! Changing a habit like drinking takes time and hard work and sometimes it’s difficult to drink less. Focus on what you’ve achieved so far and reward yourself when you have met your drinking targets. If you do relapse, don’t stop; just set a new date to start reducing again.
Counselling and psychotherapy for alcohol abuse
Accepting that you have a problem is the first step to recovery. A counsellor or psychotherapist will help you to understand the cause of your alcohol issue, which may be stress, a relationship problem or lack of confidence. It can also be a way to ‘self medicate’ for depression or anxiety. Counselling or psychotherapy will normally deal with understanding the root cause of your alcohol problem, your relationship with alcohol and your triggers. It will also include a programme of behavioural change and strategies for abstaining and relapse prevention.
A therapist will also help you identify unhelpful and unrealistic thoughts and beliefs that may be contributing towards your alcohol dependence, such as:
- “I can’t relax without alcohol.”
- “My friends would find me boring if I was sober.”
- “Just drinking one pint can’t hurt.”
Once such thoughts and beliefs are identified, you will be asked to base your behaviour on more realistic and helpful thoughts, such as:
- “Lots of people have a good time without alcohol and I can be one of them.”
- “My friends like me for my personality, not for my drinking.”
- “I know I can’t stop drinking once I start.”
A therapist will also help you to identify triggers that can cause you to drink, such as stress, social anxiety or being in “high-risk” environments such a pub, club or restaurant.
The therapist will teach you how to avoid certain triggers and how to cope effectively with those that are unavoidable.
Make an appointment
If you would like to arrange an appointment or require further information regarding our alcohol services please telephone our Wolverhampton practice on: 01902 827808. Alternatively fill out our online contact form and we will contact you within 24 hours.
Medical disclaimer: The information included on this site is for educational purposes only. It is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice by a qualified doctor.